A great way to motivate and change behavior for the better is to reward positive behavior, instead of penalizing what may be perceived as bad behavior. In education, some examples include awarding points for attendance, participating during class, or completing bonus work, and students are given the choice to earn these points.
While not all educators agree that awarding points for activities students may be expected to do (like showing up to class) is a good idea, reinforcing positive behavior can help shape habits for the better. For example, a professor who awards points to students who arrive on time to class is reinforcing the importance of time management and is helping shape this habit. Slate's science writer and editor at Science America, Melinda Wenner Moyer, says that rewards are embedded into our culture a lot more than we might think, and it's not a bad thing. "Even showing up at work every day is contingent upon reimbursement. Rewards are part of everyday life," she says.
So if you're considering tying a reward to Flipd this semester, here are four recommended ways to do it.
1. Award Points for Flipd Minutes out of Class Time
A popular way to award points in Flipd is to divide the total Flipd time by the total class time, in order to produce a percentage, which can then be applied to the credit Flipd is worth. For example, if 12 classes in a semester are 50 minutes long, and a student spent 450 minutes Flipd Off that semester, then that student achieved 75% on Flipd. If Flipd is worth 15 points in a final grade, then this student earned 11.25 points.
2. Set Benchmarks in "Buckets"
With Flipd, this calculation is already done for you; however, you can also export the class data whenever you need to and adjust it as necessary.
One educator who uses Flipd to reinforce positive behavior and shape habits is Dr. Alicia Drais-Parrillo, a leading psychology professor at Pennsylvania State University. She encourages her students to use Flipd each class in order to achieve a spot in a "bucket" that is worth a fixed amount of points. Using the same example above, the buckets might look like:
200 - 350 minutes = 5 points
350 - 500 minutes = 10 points
500 minutes or more = 15 points
By using buckets, students may find it easier to reach a benchmark, and it also gives students room to use Flipd for, say, 10 out of 12 classes and achieve still all points.
3. Tie Flipd to Attendance
Flipd works best when using it to track engagement as well as attendance. If you're using Flipd this way, it's encouraged to group your engagement points together, in order to more easily export and calculate the data at the end of your semester. For example, if you would like to award 10 points for attendance, and 10 points for Flipd minutes, then you can easily do so with the Flipd data collected throughout the semester.
Scenario: Your course is 25 lectures that are each 60 minutes long. Total class time is therefore 1,500 minutes. One student uses Flipd for a total of 450 minutes, but attended all 25 lectures. That means this student only spent 30% of class time Flipd Off, even though they attended every lecture. You have decided to award 10 points for using Flipd and 10 points for attendance. In this scenario, the student would earn 13 out of 20 points.
4. Use a Leaderboard to Motivate the Class
If you'd rather not award points for Flipd, another way to incent students is by encouraging healthy competition and gamifying your classroom. With Flipd, you can keep track of your classes on the in-app Leaderboard, and you can let students know who's in the top 5, 10, 20, and so on. Instead of bonus points here, you can incent students with a prize or shared goal.
Keep in mind that Flipd keeps track of progress in the app and on your dashboard with specific metrics, so both you and your students can measure success as the semester goes along.
Are you interested in trying Flipd? First, we recommend registering at the link above to view a sample class. In the sample class you can export the sample data to explore how points are tracked. If you would like to learn more, feel free to book a demo here.